ACC 560:Why does this report provide a better basis for evaluating performance than the report based

ACC 560 Week 6 Assignment
Zelmer Company uses budgets in controlling costs. The August 2008 budget report for the companys Assembling Department is as follows. ZELMER COMPANY Budget Report Assembling Department For the Month Ended August 31, 2008 Difference Favorable F Manufacturing Costs Budget Actual Unfavorable U Variable costs Direct materials $ 48,000 $ 47,000 $1,000 F Direct labor 54,000 51,300 2,700 F Indirect materials 24,000 24,200 200 U Indirect labor 18,000 17,500 500 F Utilities 15,000 14,900 100 F Maintenance 9,000 9,200 200 U Total variable 168,000 164,100 3,900 F Fixed costs Rent 12,000 12,000 -0- Supervision 17,000 17,000 -0- Depreciation 7,000 7,000 -0- Total fixed 36,000 36,000 -0- Total costs $204,000 $200,100 $3,900 F The monthly budget amounts in the report were based on an expected production of 60,000 units per month or 720,000 units per year. The Assembling Department manager is pleased with the report and expects a raise, or at least praise for a job well done. The company president, however, is unhappy with the results for August, because only 58,000 units were produced. Instructions (a) State the total budgeted cost formula. (b) Prepare a budget report for August using flexible budget data. Why does this report provide a better basis for evaluating performance than the report based on static budget data? (c) In September, 64,000 units were produced. Prepare the budget report using flexible budget data, assuming (1) each variable cost was 10% higher than its actual cost in August, and (2) fixed costs were the same in September as in August.